Kwanzaa, an African American and pan-African holiday, celebrates family, community and culture. The observance lasts seven days, beginning on December 26th and ending on January 1st. Each day recognizes one of the Nguzo Saba (Seven Principles): Umoja (Unity), Kujichagulia (Self-Determination), Ujima (Collective Work and Responsibility), Ujamaa (Cooperative Economics), Nia (Purpose), Kuumba (Creativity) and Imani (Faith). During Kwanzaa, families and communities celebrate with activities of interest to the community such as music, dancing, poetry, story-telling, and feasts (karamu). Kwanzaa was founded in 1966 by Dr. Maulana Karenga. It is celebrated worldwide, in countries with populations of descendants of African people.